Gout Medication

Gout is a condition that is caused by the accumulation of high levels of uric acid in your body. This condition which is characterized by pain, swelling and even joint damage can be treated using the right kind of medication. There are different types of medication that can be used depending on the individual and the severity of the condition.

Generally gout medications are prescribed to serve the following purposes:
• Alleviate pain and other symptoms that result from a gout attack.

• Gout medication also helps to reduce the chances of joint and tissue damage from occurring due to accumulation of urate crystals in the joints.

Prevent future occurrence of gout attacks by eliminating conditions which facilitate the development of gout. For example lowering the concentration of uric acid in your body back to its normal levels.

Gout Medication Used In Treating Gout Attacks and Preventing Their Occurrence In The Future

1. NSAIDs- Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
NSAIDs are used for suppressing inflammations and pains in the affected area. The doctor may prescribe a high dosage if the gout attack was acute and additional lower dosages to be taken for preventative measures.
Examples of NSAIDs include:

• Naproxen
• Ibuprofen
• Indomethacin

Indomethacin is known to be a powerful NSAID and you may experience side effects such as abdominal pains when using it. There is also the risk of developing ulcers as it has been observed in some gout patients using the drug.

2. Corticosteroids
One example of a corticosteroid medication is prednisone. It acts as a pain reliever and an anti-inflammatory in gout treatment. Corticosteroids may be administered through injections to the affected area for quicker relief or they may be prescribed as tablets to be taken at specified times.

Side effects associated with use of this medication include;

- Body ability to fight infection is reduced.
- Thinning of various bones in the body.
- It may cause wound to heal at a slower rate than normal.

If corticosteroids cause more side effects than indicated on the medication your doctor may opt to lower the dosage to a minimum that will still perform the function of treating gout and make the side effects to subside.

3. Colchicine
If your body is unable to handle the use of NSAIDs the doctor may prescribe the use of Colchicine , this medications primarily helps to relieve the pain associated with gout and also alleviate some of the symptoms linked to a gout attack such as inflammations.

For preventative purposes small doses of colchicine may be prescribed to be taken on daily basis.
Side effects caused by use of colchicine include:

• Nausea
• Diarrhea
• Vomiting
• Abdominal pains

Gout Medications Which Minimize Uric Acid Production in Your Body

Such drugs include:
- Allopurinol
- Febuxostat
- Xanthine oxidase inhibitors

These drugs help in lowering uric acid concentration in your blood therefore reducing the chances of developing gout.
Side effects that may result due to se of this medication include:
• Rash
• Nausea and vomiting
• Reduced liver function

Gout Medications Which Facilitate Efficient Removal of Uric Acid from Your Body

These types of medication help to lower your chances of developing gout by improving the ability of the kidneys to excrete uric acid through urine; this prevents any buildup of uric acid in your body. Probenecid (Probalan) is a drug that is prescribed for that purpose.

Side effects that may be caused by this drug include;
• Stomach disturbances
• Rash
• Formation of kidney stones

Precautions while using gout medications

Before you start using any kind of medication it is always advisable to check whether the medication contains any substances that may cause an allergic reaction with your body. If they do, you can always ask your doctor to prescribe you alternative medication that will still serve the same purpose.

It is also good to inform your doctor of any other kinds of medications that you may be taking so as to confirm the medication will not have any adverse reactions with the medications that the doctor has prescribed.

Conclusion
If gout medications are used properly they are an effective method of treating gout and preventing any future gout attacks from occurring.

Categorized | Gout Treatments

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